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JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, KERALA, INDIA
R & D          
 
BIODIVERSITY DATABASES
To prepare a comprehensive information about the plants and fungal diversity of the Western Ghats, the Centre has developed several databases of different categories of plants and fungi and all these databases are linked on a common web portal. The databases developed by JNTBGRI are listed below.
Virtual Herbarium: The Herbarium of JNTBGRI was established in 1979 and currently recognized internationally with the acronym TBGT. It comprises 20,500 specimens of flowering plants and 10,000 specimens of mushroom group for ready reference. The collection includes nearly 2000 specimens collected by Stalwarts and distinguished botanists of yesteryears like Beddome, Bourdillon, Narayanaswamy, Sankara Iyer, Venkobarao etc. In view of catering the taxonomic study, the Bioinformatics and Taxonomic groups of JNTBGRI jointly started the digitizing of the valuable specimens and made available on the web for ready reference and further interaction. At present, the database provides passport data and good quality scanned images of more than 3900 herbarium specimens. Data of more herbarium specimens will be disseminated on the web very shortly.
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Herbarium database - Home page
Mushrooms of Wayanad: The database provides taxonomic information including macroscopic and microscopic details, images and other information about the mushroom diversity of Wayanad district in Kerala. The information presented on the database was collected as part of a 3 year project funded by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India, New Delhi to analyse the diversity of mushrooms of Wayanad area. The database was created jointly by the Mushroom unit and Bioinformatics Centre of JNTBGRI.
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Data view page of Mushroom database
Fungal Database Meliolales: The database comprises information such as legitimate name of each fungal species with literature citation and systematic classification, scientific name and family of host plants, taxonomic description of each species with illustrations and images, taxonomic characteristic features in the form of digital formula and general information about fungi. Over all, currently the database provides information on 400 species of fungi under the order Meliolales reported from India, which would serve as bedrock of information for further studies.  
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Home page of the database
Plants of JNTBGRI: The database provides information about 700 tree species conserved at JNTBGRI campus. Information is arranged under the head taxonomic details, vernacular name, habit, distribution, flowering period, fruiting period, conservation category, propagation, nature of wood, useful parts, economic importance, etc. Image zooming facility, navigation tool and dynamic search engine are the special features of the database application.
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Data view page of Plants of JNTBGRI Database
Sacredgroves of Kerala: The sacred groves of Kerala are the remnants of evergreen forest patches, protected and conserved based on religious beliefs and a great repository of many endemic, endangered and economically important plant species. The study reports revealed that floristic diversity indices of the sacred groves of Kerala are equal or nearly equal to the forests of the Western Ghats. It is also revealed that these isolated patches are self-sustainable ecosystems function as a bioresource centre and closed system for the nutrient and water cycles for the near by areas. Since 1992 JNTBGRI has been studying various aspects like floristic and vegetational types in general and ecosystem function in selected bioclimatically divergent sacred groves of Kerala and generated voluminous data. These data are organised into the database, which comprises list of sacred groves in Kerala with photographs, short history, vegetational types, associated flora and fauna, physiology/phenology and other study reports of each sacred grove.
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Details of a Kavu in Sacredgrove Database
Garden Info: Database application package for the management of day-to-day monitoring data of plants conserved in Botanic Gardens.  The key features of the database includes tools for easy storage, sequencing, analysis, interpretation and sharing of data, provision to access the list of plants conserved in the garden with up-to-date details of each plant including the scientists who are engaged in plant conservation and related R & D activities, dynamic search engine and navigation tools for easy retrieval of data, etc.  The software package can be used as a model system for the creation of botanic garden's centralised database and its sharing
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Data documenting page of Garden Info
Wild ornamental plants of the Western Ghats: The database provides detailed information on 140 promising wild ornamental plants of the Western Gahts.  The data are displayed on different heads such as taxonomic position, vernacular name, habit, habitat, distribution, vegetation, flowering and fruiting period, altitude, propagation, attractive parts, taxonomic description and references.
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Page showing details of a wild ornamental plant

Endemic Plants of India: The endemic species are those taxa whose distribution is confined to a restricted area due to their specific ecological niches and edaphic gradients. Therefore, the habitats of endemic species are far more vulnerable than other species. Endemic species once lost, it is a loss of biodiversity of these species for ever. In India there are about 5725 endemic taxa of angiosperms (33.5% of Indian flora) which are located in 25 hot spots. The major hotspots in India which contain largest number of endemic plant species are the Southern Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas with 1286 and 1808 endemic species respectively. The present database provides taxonomic and phenological details of 1296 endemic plant species of India.
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Database on Endemic plants showing list of endemic plant
Foliicolous fungi of JNTBGRI: An online database providing the details of foliicolous fungal wealth of Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute. the campus of JNTBGRI is a conservatory of different group of plants including Angiosperms, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperm and Ornamental plants of various kinds. All these plants are very good substratum or hosts for a number of leaf invading fungi. This database is a comprehensive documentation of all the foliicolous fungi growing on the plants of JNTBGRI. It provides detailed description of listed taxa with its icons or images of infected plant parts.
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Database showing the details of a fungus
Rice in Kerala: Kerala is one of the States with maximum consumption of rice. Wilde varieties of rice have been cultivated by the farmers of the State. Research institutes and agricultural universities are keen towards the development of high yielding varieties, derivatives and hybrids of rice time to time. Farmers of the state are clever enough to choose the best variety for cultivation. Conversion of paddy field for other practices, lack of trained labours, and sudden change in climate demands most suitable variety of rice to choose the farmers for better production. Towards this end a database is developed to help the farmers to know the different varieties of rice and its suitable climate and season for cultivation. It provides details of all the rice varieties cultivating in Kerala.
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Rice info database - Home page
Sacred Fungi: Sacred groves are the model ecosystem representing producers to decomposers. Fungi are one of the major decomposers in the ecosystem. Unique climate of the sacredgrove is verymuch favorable for the growth of plant parasitic fungi. Foliicolous fungi mainly black mildews are prevelent in these habitat. 'Sacred fungi' is a comprehaensive database providing details of foliicolous fungi growing on the flowering plants of sacred groves. Here description of the taxa is supplimented with images of infected plant parts and micrographs of the fungi. The navigation and search facility are also included for the easy accession of the data.
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Sacredfungi database- data view page
SeedPack: Database application package for the management of seed bank data.  The key features of the application package are tools for cataloguing of seeds, seed storage and germination data analysis, auto generation of reports on administrative decisions, wizard for online seed request and exchange, dynamic search engine and navigation tool. 
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SeedPack database - list of Index Seminum
Software packages
LitFriend: LitFriend is a user-friendly application with advanced search options for personal storage of bibliographic data and their frequent/easy retrieval for further exploitation. This package also provides reference style customization for different journals.
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BioLit: The software package developed for the management of publications in a research centre. Using this software package the R&D centre can store and retreive individual scientists publications in standard format.
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BioLit - launching page of the software package
Previos page
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